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How to Prepare Quantitative Aptitude for IBPS Bank Exam? Easy Tips – Tricks

How to Prepare Quantitative Aptitude for IBPS Bank Exam? (आईबीपीएस बैंक परीक्षा के लिए मात्रात्मक की तैयारी कैसे करे?) IBPS Quantitative Aptitude Preparation tips 

Guys, in this competition era, it does not matter how much intelligent you are. What matters is that how much smart you are and how smartly you deal with the questions in the examination. And this smartness is the real definition of what you call as APTITUDE. A proper planning is required to crack the examination and get recruited for the job post.

Today, in this article, we are taking you in-depth Quantitative Aptitude study plan to explore one among the bank subject i.e. Quantitative Aptitude so that “Mathematics is the fear of the candidates for the ibps and other bank exams” ideology among aspirants can be suspended, by exploring some tips to Crack Quantitative Aptitude. Let’s begin.

Prepare Quantitative Aptitude for IBPS Bank Exam – Complete Guide

Quantitative Aptitude is a test which is conducted in the examination to examine your brain power. From the easiest questions to the higher mathematics, all kind of questions are asked in the paper to play with the candidate’s intelligent quotient (IQ) standard.

What is Quantitative Aptitude? Basic Introduction

Quantitative aptitude generally deals with numbers, simplifications, ratio and proportions, interests, profit, and loss etc. In other words, it deals with the basic mathematics concepts.

This is done to figure out those suitable candidates out of lacs of aspirants who are well eligible and most deserving for the carried outposts for the bank.

In the recent world, around 75% questions can be easily scored in mathematics and quantitative aptitude topics but the aim of the ibps preparation should be to score the remaining 25% which will take you near to the finish line of merit list. If this is done, then definitely it is the most helpful tool to fetch good marks to crack this section.

Now the question is How to Crack IBPS Aptitude test?

For easy understanding, the formula of quantitative aptitude can be written in mathematical language as:
QA= Arithmetic+ Algebra+ Geometry
The arithmetic part is generally the common syllabus for every kind of competitive exams but the algebra, geometry, trigonometry and data interpretation varies, as per different level of exams.

Now, let us understand about the weight-age of marks hold by this Quantitative Aptitude subject in bank exams.

Quantitative subject weight-age in bank exam

QA test is conducted for total 35 marks, both in Prelims and Mains.
Total 35 questions are asked.
The candidate is expected to complete their test within 25 minutes so that to give proper time to other subjects also.

IBPS Quantitative Aptitude Section Questions Marks Duration
IBPS Clerk Quantitative Aptitude Syllabus 50 50 45 Min.
IBPS PO Quantitative Aptitude Syllabus 35 35
IBPS Specialist Officer Quantitative Aptitude Syllabus 50 40 30 Min.
IBPS RRB Quantitative Aptitude Syllabus 40 40 45 Min.

What to Prepare? Important Syllabus Topics

IBPS Quantitative Aptitude syllabus topics We are also providing you the weight-age of marks topic wise as per the trend set for upcoming examinations. So take a look below.

Important Topics in Quantitative Aptitude for bank exams

Data interpretation- it is really a very important topic in bank exams because every time at least 2/3 questions are asked and this one provides you a definite increment in your scores once you command your skills upon this. Don’t plan to skip this topic.

Topic and Expected Number of questions

  1. Simplicity – 10-15 Questions
  2. Number Series Question for IBPS – 5 Questions
  3. Inequality/ quadratic equations 5 5
  4. Data Interpretation* 2-3 2-3 (in SBI-4, 5)
  5. Percentage
  6. Profit & Loss
  7. Simple Interest, Compound Interest
  8. Average
  9. Ration & Proportion
  10. Problems on age
  11. Partnership+
  12. Mixture & Allegation
  13. Time and work, pipe and cistern
  14. Surds & indices
  15. Probability, combination permutation

Miscellaneous- we have provided this section ‘miscellaneous’ tag because this includes a number of topics and these topics do not hold a sure appearance in exam pattern. Sometimes they are asked, sometimes not.

IBPS tips for Quantitative Aptitude – It is not compulsory that questions from every topic will be asked against this miscellaneous section but some topics can be asked. But, you should practice on some essential topics like simple and compound interest, percentage, profit and loss, problems on age, partnership and time and work.

How to Prepare Quantitative Aptitude for IBPS Bank Exams?

Look, the total aptitude questions generated in exams are definite and the number of questions on some essential topics is also definite (discussed above). So, tie a knot to achieve a very good command on those topics to secure your minimum 20-25 marks out of total 35 questions.

  • Start from simplification first.
  • Proceed towards Data Interpretation. As told earlier, this is literally a very strong zone. You can score higher through this particular topic.
  • Pick Inequality as your third chapter and then number series.
  • After this, clear the concepts from each individual topic found in the miscellaneous category.
  • Figure out the Quantitative Aptitude short tricks to solve the questions rather than approaching the traditional long methods. This will save a lot of time which is must for competitive exams.
  • If you find difficult to understand the quick magic tricks, then understand the basics first, and then try to solve with tricks. Learn the squares of numbers till 50 and cubes till 20 to speed your calculations.
  • As and when you clear your basics on each topic, pick the separate practice sheets of that particular topics only (topic wise sheets we mean) and solve every question. This will clear your doubts from every angle.
  • Give at least 5-6 months to strongly prepare yourself for the bank examinations. During this period, you can cover each topic nicely and achieve command on this subject. Less time leads to less practice and promotes hyperness among students which only and only negates their marks.
  • Don’t forget to join test series. Either joins some institute or give online test from your home, the choice is yours. This is a very must factor to crack any exam. You can win 80% victory in your hand just by giving test series only.
  • Practice regularly and avoid guesswork. Try IBPS mock test papers for quantitative aptitude from online portals or coaching institutes.
  • Check IBPS Quantitative Aptitude previous year question papers and observe the kind of questions asked there. Solve them actively.
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What type of Questions is Asked in Quantitative Aptitude Paper? with Examples

As far as the type of questions in QA is concerned, then according to our long experience, we have noticed that questions asked in clerical exams are relatively very easy than what is asked for PO examination.

So, you have to work hard if you are appearing for IBPS PO.
Below we are displaying some common questions asked in both levels.

  1. A man is 24 years older than his son. In two years, his age will be twice the age of his son. What is the present age of his son?
    A. 23 years B. 22 years C. 21 years D. 20 years
  2. X and Y invest Rs.21000 and Rs.17500 respectively in a business. At the end of the year, they make a profit of Rs.26400. What is the share of X in the profit?
    A. Rs.14400 B. Rs.26400 C. Rs.12000
  3. If 20% of a = b, then b% of 20 is the same as:
    A. None of this B. 10 % of a C.4% of a D. 20% of a.
  4. (ab)x−2=(ba)x−7. What is the value of x?
    A. 3 B. 3.5 C. 4 D. 4.5
  5. The price of 3 tables and 4 chairs is Rs. 3300. With the same money, one can buy 2 tables and 10 chairs. If one wants to buy 1 table and 1 chair, how much does he need to pay?
    A. Rs.940 B. Rs.1050 C. Rs.1040 D. Rs.950
  6. A bank offers 5% compound interest calculated on a half-yearly basis. A customer deposits Rs. 1600 each on 1st January and 1st July of a year. At the end of the year, the amount he would have gained by way of interest is:
    A. Rs. 120 B. Rs. 121 C. Rs. 123 D. Rs. 122
  7. Mr. Thomas invested an amount of Rs. 13,900 divided into two different schemes A and B at the simple interest rate of 14% p.a. and 11% p.a. respectively. If the total amount of simple interest earned in 2 years be Rs. 3508, what was the amount invested in Scheme B?
    A. Rs. 6400 B. Rs. 7200 C. Rs. 6500 D. Rs. 7500
  8. Find the missing number. 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, (….)
    A. 64 B. 54 C. 56 D. 81
  9. The cost price of 20 articles is the same as the selling price of x articles. If the profit is 25%, find out the value of x
    A. 15 B. 25 C. 18 D. 16
  10. A person crosses a 600-meter long street in 5 Minutes. What is his speed in km per hour?
    A. 8.2 B. 4.2 C. 6.1 D. 7.2
  11. (64 – 12)2 + 4 × 64 × 12 =?
    A. 5246 B. 4406 C. 5126 D. 5776

Note: the options in bold letters are the answers to respective questions.

Quantitative Aptitude Questions topics seem to be frequently asked in examinations.

Time and work/pipe and cistern- it is not important to study both topics separately. If you understand well the concept of one, then you can easily do for the other. The concept of both runs in the same way.

You just have to prepare for quantitative aptitude test yourself for the above topics. According to the number of questions asked for per topic, it is must to have command upon them nicely. Believe us, this is a very scoring subject because only in this particular subject, you can stick your answers with 100% surety.


How to Solve Quantitative Aptitude Problems Faster?

Tips for Quantitative Aptitude preparation – In this section, we have brought some magic tricks with the help of which you can solve in 1-minute question in less than 10 seconds. Feeling excited! How to Improve your Quant score in Competitive Exams? Then go for it…

Percentage Method-

Example Ques-1
Principal=20000, time=2 years, rate=14 p.a compound interest=?

Solving it using convention method will take at least 2 minutes but if you follow the speedy trick you can do it within seconds.
Just use you fundamental basics, using percentage.
Solution: we know formula a+b+ab/100
So, substitute values of a and b here, a=b=14 (a= 14 for the first year and b=14 for the second year)
=14+14+14*14/100
=28+1.96
=29.96%
=30(approx.)
So 30% of 20000 amount to Rs 6000
See, in this way you can quickly get your answer.

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Options method:

Example Ques-2
The age of 2 persons A and B is 7:4. After 5 years, the age becomes 11:7. Find the age of A?
(a)12 years (b)14 years (c)15 years (d)28 years
If you try to solve this question you would need at least 45-60 seconds which is against your success rule. So do it within 10 seconds using this trick.
Solution:
Original age is given: A: B=7:4 and after 5 years it is 11:7
Now, try to get an answer using options.
The A’s age should be the multiple of 7 and 11 in the answer
From the options, you can observe that 12, 15 are not the multiples of the both.
14 is the multiple of 7 but not the multiple of 11. Then what left?
Obviously, 28 is the answer.

Eliminate wrong answer method:

Example Ques 3:
Solve? 2+792=1722-882-8203
(a) 86 (b) 89 (c) 83 (d) 93
Solution:
Just move step by step.
We know that the square of 9 ends by 1
Square of 2 by 4
Square of 8 by 4
So place the unit digits of each as per the format is given in the question.
?2+….1=…4-…4-3(unit digit of 8203)
?2+….1=0 (the same unit digit at the end of numbers provide zero results while subtracting)-3
?2+1=7
So, to equalize LHS and RHS, we know that the marks will be replaced by 6 and see 6 comes in the squares of 4 and 6 both. Match the numbers in the options. You will see 86 and this is the answer.

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Basic Tips to Excel in Quantitative section in competitive exams

Some basic maths tips and techniques would definitely make a big difference in the result. The basic is very small but it is the base. So make the base strong in order to get a stronger and taller building.

  • Start with easy ones: The basic and simplest tip is to start with the easiest portion of the section so that the questions whose answers are sure and confident, should secure marks and it also consumes less time. Keep your capability in mind and practice should be according to that.
  • Take one step at a time: Math is a subject which has several steps with different concepts and techniques. So take the time to complete the first step and cover one topic and once that entire topic is clear then go for next topic.
  • Study math from a trusted source: Math should always be studied from a trusted source. Search for a good math book which can teach you the shortcut methods for quantitative aptitude and other concepts easily and practice daily.
  • Don’t leave any topic unprepared: All the topics have to be covered in mathematics. As math has many interrelated concepts, so leaving anyone topic might create a problem to understand the other topic related to it. Try your complete efforts to study hard and understand the topic very well.
  • Paper-pen importance: The calculations could never be performed in your brain. The solution to the problem is not known to you whenever you see a question and the solution could only be achieved with a tricky calculation for which you need paper and pen.
  • Don’t give up: Try to solve the problems by your own tricks and techniques and avoid to use calculators until and unless the directions to use it is given. Try to find the solutions until you don’t get the solution and try all the concepts related to the question.
  • Take Challenge: Once the basics are covered, try to take the challenge to solve the problems with accuracy and maintain the speed and time. This challenge would let you know about your skills.
  • Noting down: Maintain a notebook where you can note down the important formulas and points so as to revise during the examination.
  • Categorization of topics: The candidate must categorize the topics with which he/she feels comfortable to work on. So that the most comfortable topics could learn first as it would seem easier to the candidate and least comfortable topics to be prepared after that.
  • Practice more: Practice makes a man perfect so practice more and more and regularly in order to achieve the speed, accuracy and time management during the exam.
    With the help of these quantitative aptitude tips and tricks, you can easily score good marks in this section.
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General mistakes to Avoid while attempting maths exam

The candidates generally attempt some common mistakes which could lead to the loss of the marks for the questions which they are capable of doing. The mistakes should be avoided in order to achieve the accuracy and marks in the section. The mistakes are as follows:

  • Not reading questions completely: In a hurry to solve the questions faster, the candidates generally do not read the questions carefully and end up making mistakes. This can cause frustration to the candidate as he/she might be applying the invalid concept to the question because of incomplete reading. So reading the question twice and thrice is important to avoid this mistake.
  • Avoid Risky shortcuts: Try to avoid the shortcuts about which you are not completely aware the conditions when to apply it. Solve the questions using the conventional way so as to avoid any inconvenience in solving the question.
  • Guesswork: Math is not a subject where the guess works so avoid guesswork and if you are sure about any answer then only attempt the question otherwise incorrect attempt would lead to negative marking. Hope now you have a clear picture of how to learn quantitative aptitude easily?

Useful Quantitative Aptitude Formulas + Shortcut methods and tricks

Speed, Time and Distance Tricks

The term times and distance are related to the speed of moving objects
Speed — We define the speed of an object as the distance covered by it in a unit time interval.
Speed =(Distance traveled)/(time was taken)
⇒  Distance traveled = Speed × time
⇒ Time =  Distance/Speed

Percentage Formulas

For converting a fraction or a decimal to a Percentage, multiply it by hundred.

For converting a percentage to a fraction or decimal, divide by hundred.

To calculate percentage change in value
Percentage change = {change/ (initial value)} x 100

Percentage point change = Difference of two percentage figures

Type 1: Percentage Increase/Decrease:

If the price of a commodity increases by R%, then the reduction in consumption so as not to increase the expenditure is: [R/ (100 + R)] x 100%
If the price of a commodity decreases by R%, then the increase in consumption so as not to decrease the expenditure is: [R/ (100 – R)] x 100%

Type 2: Results on Population:
Let the population of a town be P now and suppose it increases at the rate of R% per annum, then:
1.Population after n years = P(1 + R/100)n
2.Population n years ago =P/(1 + R/100)n

 Type 3: Results on Depreciation:

Let the present value of a machine be P. Suppose it depreciates at the rate of R% per annum. Then:

  1. Value of the machine after n years = P (1 – R/100) n
  2. Value of the machine n years ago = P/ [(1 – R/100)] n
  3. If A is R% more than B, then B is less than A by= [R/ (100 + R)] x 100%
  4. If A is R% less than B, then B is more than A by= [R/ (100 – R)] x 100%

Note: For two successive changes of x% and y%, net change = {x + y +xy/100} %

आईबीपीएस बैंक परीक्षा की तैयारी कैसे करे? हिंदी में Difference between PO and Clerk in bank

SIMPLE INTEREST FORMULAS

Formulas Need to Remember

S.I = [(P X R X T)/ (100)].

Where P = Principle, R = Rate of per annul, T = Number of years

From the above formula, we can derive the following

P= (100×SI)/ RT

R= (100×SI)/ PT

T= (100×SI)/ PR

Percentage – Ratio Equivalence

1/3 X 100 = 33.33% 1/10 X 100 = 10%
1/4 X 100 = 25% 1/11 X 100 = 09.09%
1/5 X 100 = 20% 1/12 X 100 = 8.33%
1/6 X 100 = 16.66% 1/13 X 100 = 7.69%
1/7 X 100 = 14.28% 1/14 X 100 = 7.14%
1/8 X 100 = 12.50% 1/15 X 100 = 6.66%
1/9 X 100 = 11.11% 1/16 X 100 = 6.25%
PROFIT AND LOSS Formulas:
COST PRICE: The price at which an article is purchased is called its cost price (C.P.)
SELLING PRICE: The price at which the article is sold is called its selling price (S.P.)
  1. If the cost price (C.P.) of the article is equal to the selling price (S.P.), then there is no loss or gain.
  2. If the selling price (S.P.) > cost price (C.P.), then the seller is said to have a profit or gain, Gain/Profit = S.P. – C.P.
  3. If the cost price (C.P.) > selling price (S.P.), then the seller is said to have a loss, Loss = C.P. – S.P.
  4. Gain% = {(Gain*100)/C.P.}
  5.  Loss% ={(Loss*100)/C.P.}
  6.  S.P. = {(100+Gain%)/100 * C.P.}
  7.  S.P. = {(100 – Loss%)/100 * C.P.}
  8.  C.P. = {(100/(100+Gain%) * S.P.}
  9.  C.P. = {(100/(100 – Loss%) * S.P.}
  10.  If an article is sold at a profit/gain of 30%, then S.P. = 130% of the C.P.
  11. If an article is sold at a loss of 20%, then S.P. = 80% of the C.P.
  12. When a person sells two similar items, one at a gain of say x%, and the other at a loss of x%, then in this transaction the seller always incurs a loss given by {x^2/100}%
  13. A single discount equivalent to discount series of x% and y% given by the seller is equal to {x +y – xy/100}%
  14. If a trader professes to sell his goods at cost price but uses false weights, then Gain% = {Error/(True value – Error) x 100}%

These links would help you a lot to understand short tricks on some important topics.

Best Study Material for Quantitative Aptitude Preparation

Final Conclusion:
Last suggestion we want to give to all aspirants that never take the Bank exams for granted because competition has become too tough. You’ll be required to work harder and harder. While giving examination, always keep in mind few important things like,

  • Don’t attempt any question without reading it completely.
  • Don’t stay for more seconds to a particular question, just avoid it if taking more time and do them at the last.

Take care of the time management along with maximum questions you can attempt within that time. Check complete guide on How to manage time for ibps bank exam here.

  1. Practice more sheets as much as you can. There are many portals which provide online practice sheets freely, you can practice over there. Even we are also providing you mock tests. Click on the above blue label on the screen.
  2. Emphasize on quality work, not quantity work. Read quality data instead of grabbing useless quantity data in your mind because it will only lead to frustration to you and nothing else.
  3. Always do a revision of what you have learned.

The skills for solving the problem are present in each and every individual. The only need is to recognize it through the challenges and polish the potential to solve the quantitative problems and crack the exam. Good luck to all the candidates and try hard and practice well and perform best.

All the best guys. Hope, this article could help you in understand the concept of How to prepare quantitative aptitude for IBPS bank exam?

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