Scientific Names of Plants, Trees, Vegetable, Fruits: An A to Z Data Base

Scientific Names: Plants, Trees, Vegetable, Fruits, Cereal, Pulses, Millets, Spices, Medical Plants etc. Advantages of using Scientific Names?

Our today’s post is specifically designed for providing general knowledge on scientific names of plants.

As you all know general knowledge section forms a significant portion in every competitive exam.

One needs to be well versed with the GK topics that are asked in exams.

As you know, general knowledge is an essential area in any of the focused examination. For example, UPSC, State Services, SSC, Banking, Railway, IBPS and so on”. In Competitive Exams, almost 25% to 50% of paper originates from GK Section.

Every acknowledged species on earth (at least in theory) is given a two-part scientific name. This system is called “binomial nomenclature” These names are important because they allow people throughout the world to communicate unambiguously about animal species.

Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.

Assigning scientific names to plants is a simple two-word formula, whereby the first word is the genus name and the second one the species name or “specific epithet” The genus is the bigger grouping; to get more specific in identifying a plant within a genus, we refer to its specific epithet. Some genera contain hundreds of species.

So without any further ado let’s get started

Scientific Names of Common Plants & Trees

Scientific Names of Fruits and Vegetables

Scientific Names of Vegetables Scientific Names of Fruits
Scientific Name Common Name Scientific Name Common Name
Allium cepa Onion Mangifera indica Mango
Solanum tubersum Potato Pyrus malus Apple
Cucumis sativas Cucumber Citrullus vulgaris Watermelon
Lactuca sativa Lettuce Citrus Limonium Lemon
Daucas carota Carrot Citrus aurantium Orange
Lycopersican esculentum Tomato Musa paradisicum Banana
Solanum melongena Brinjal Psidium guava Guava
Raphanus sativus Radish Ananus sativus Pineapple
Capsicum fruitscence Capsicum
Spinacia oleracea Spinach

Scientific Names of Cereal, Pulses, Millets

Scientific Name Common Name
Zea mays Maize
Oryza sativa, Oryza glaberrima Rice
Triticum aestivum Wheat
Sorghum vulgare Jowar
Dolichos biffoeus Horse Gram
Cojonus cgjan Red Gram
Phaseolus auicus Green Gram
Plasoes mungo Black Gram

Common and Scientific Names of Spices

Scientific Name Common Name
Zingiber officinale Ginger
Allium sativum Garlic
Piper nigrum Black Pepper
Syzygium aromaticum Clove
Curcuma longa Turmeric

Common and Scientific Names – Other Plants and Trees

Scientific Name Common Name
Azadirachta indica Neem
Ficus benghalensis Banyan
Nicotiana tobaccum Tobacco
Bamboosa aridinarifolia Bamboo
Moringa oleifera Drumstick
Ocimum sanctum Tulsi
Santalum album Sandalwood
Gossypium herbaceum Cotton
Epipremnum aureum Money Plant, Devil’s Ivy
Murraya koenigii Curry plant (leaves)
Mentha arvensis Mint (Pudina)
Coriandrum sativum Coriander
Lawsonia inermis Henna (Mehndi)

What are the 5 advantages of using Scientific Names?

There are a number of advantages of using the scientific names below, I have listed a few

  • Organize and classify- The organism can be easily categorized, this really helps to make it easier to understand the characteristic of a particular organism in an organized chart.
  • Clarity and Precision- It really helps in avoiding confusion created by the common names
  • Universal recognition– These names are universally accepted and standardized
  • Uniformity of addressable
  • Lesser error in the communication regarding the studies of an organism because the name is unique and the same all over the world.

Why Scientific names are important?

You must be wondering why the scientific names are significant. The reason for the same is the correct use of the formal scientific name of organisms is key to accurate information

What is the Scientific name for plant tulsi?

The scientific name for the tulsi plant is “Ocimum tenuiflorum”

Commonly referred to as holy basil, Tulasi, thulasi or tulsi, is an aromatic plant in the family Lamiaceae which is native to the Indian subcontinent and widespread as a cultivated plant throughout the Southeast Asian tropics

The botanical name for tulsi plant is  Ocimum sanctumwhich belongs to family Lamiaceae.

List of Medicinal Plants Scientific Names?

  • Amla– medical use: Vitamin – C, Cough, Diabetes, cold, Laxatives, hyperacidity.
  • Ashok– Medical use Menstrual Pain, uterine, disorder, Diabetes.
  • Aswagandha Medical use Restorative Tonic, stress, nerves disorder, aphrodisiac
  • Bhumi Amla.- Aenimic, jaundice, Dropsy.
  • Neem– Medical use Sedative, analgesic, epilepsy, hypertensive

What is the Scientific name of neem?

Azadirachta indica, commonly known as neem, nim tree or Indian lilac, is a tree in the mahogany family Meliaceae. It is one of two species in the genus Azadirachta and is native to the Indian subcontinent, i.e. India, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives.

Final Words

Dear Readers

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General knowledge is the knowledge of every aspect of human life.

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I hope you have enjoyed this post on “Scientific Names of Plants”.

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