List of Indian States and Union Territories, Interesting Facts & Detailed Information
It’s no wonder that India is acknowledged as a gem of a country. Culture and knowledge are two significant pillars that India stand on.
India is the biggest democratic country in the world comprising of 29 states and 7 unions territory.
Yes, our very country India has amazed the world with its discoveries and contribution.
Our today’s hot topic of discussion is regarding Indian states and union territories. so read us till then end to unveil what are those interesting facts about these states, their capital, and the territory.
On a keynote, If you are preparing for bank exams or any other competitive exams then you ought to be up to date with basic general knowledge.
If you are looking out for how many states and their capital in India or eager to learn interesting facts about 29 Indians states. Capital and territory then I must say you are landed at the correct place.
Fuel up your general awareness regarding Indian states and territory with us.
Did you know that India has 29 states seven union territories a coastline of 7,600 kilometers, six religions, and over a billion people and that all these states have their own languages, magnificent unique cultures and arts, and crafts.
India is located in South Asia and is officially known as the Republic of India.
The estimated population for India is 1, 293, 057, 000, making it the world’s second most populous country.
Each state and union territories of India has an administrative, legislative and judicial capital.
If you are preparing for the competitive exam then polishing your general knowledge is the foremost task you should do.
The power of knowledge in our lives is inevitable.
So our today’s post is specifically drafted for those aspirants who are preparing for the competitive exam and want to ace their general knowledge aptitude
Let’s get started with the list of Indian states
So, without consuming much of your time, let’s get started
States of India
|States of India|
|Andhra Pradesh||Arunachal Pradesh||Assam|
|Himachal Pradesh||Jammu & Kashmir||Jharkhand|
|Tamil Nadu||Tripura||Uttar Pradesh|
List of Indian States and Union Territories and Their Capitals
The below-stated table depicts Indian states by population, Indian states by area for the best of your reference.
|State||Capital||Area||Population||Official Languages||Largest Cities|
|Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad||160,205 km2||4,93,78,776||Telugu||Visakhapatnam,
|Arunachal Pradesh||Itanagar||83,743 km2||1,382,611||English||Itanagar|
|Bihar||Patna||94,163 km2||103,804,637||Hindi||Patna, Gaya,
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||55,673 km2||6,856,509||Hindi||Shimla|
|Srinagar (summer), Jammu (winter)||222,236 km2||12,548,926||Urdu||Srinagar,
|Madhya Pradesh||Bhopal||308,245 km2||72,597,565||Hindi||Indore,
|Manipur||Imphal||22,327 km2||2,721,756||Meiteilon (Manipuri)||Imphal|
|Tamil Nadu||Chennai||130,058 km2||72,138,958||Tamil||Chennai,
|Telangana||Hyderabad||114,840 km2||3,52,86,757||Telugu, Urdu||Hyderabad,
|Uttar Pradesh||Lucknow||240,928 km2||199,581,477||Hindi||Lucknow,
|West Bengal||Kolkata||88,752 km2||91,347,736||Bengali||Kolkata,
|Union Territories||Capital||Area||Population||Official Languages||Largest Cities|
|Port Blair||8,249 km2||379,944||English||Port Blair|
As discussed above India is the land of 29 states and 7 union’s territories and 1 National capital territory.
Yes, our very New Delhi that portrays unity in the diversity with vibrant culture mechanism and spiritual mysticism.
Do you know, India is a land of breathtaking extremes, diverse cultures, languages, festivals that make Indian stand out and one of the most celebrated destinations which attract tourist across the world.
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Indian states names and capital
Let’s learn interesting facts about 29 Indian states their capital & Territory.
Andhra Pradesh – Amravati
Let’s read interesting facts about Andhra Pradesh
- Andhra Pradesh was one of the 29 states of India and it is the eight largest states in India.
- Hyderabad was the former capital of Andhra Pradesh but the name got changed with Amravati, people capital. The foundation stone was laid on October 22, 2015
- The biggest Stupa in the country is in Amravati with a diameter of 50 meters and a height of 27 meters
- Acknowledging Amravati ancient Buddhist roots, the developer also the high court in a way that resembles the Buddhist stupa
- The Buddhist stupa at Amravati is the biggest stupa in the country
- According to the timeline of this mega project, Andhra Pradesh capital will be populated and functional only by 2024, i.e. after the end of this second phase, when most of the buildings, commercial establishment, universities, and the central business district will become operational. The first and final phase is expected to be completed in the year 2029.
Arunachal Pradesh Capital is Itanagar
- Arunachal Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India and is the northeastern-most state of the country
- Itanagar has been the capital of Arunachal Pradesh since April 20, 1974
- Arunachal Pradesh is India’s largest state in the northeast.
Assam Capital is Dispur
- The Indian state is also known for one of its kind Assamese golden silk called muga which is produced only in Assam. Another aspect that brings Assam close to India’s heart is its first and oldest petroleum resources.
- Moreover, the countries Bangladesh and Bhutan share the international borders with this state. The state is surrounded by land.
- Earlier, Shillong was the capital of Assam but later, was changed to Dispur in the year 1972
- Dispur is a locality or suburb in Guwahati that is why Guwahati is often referred to as the capital city of Assam
Bihar Capital is Patna
- Bihar is the thirteen largest Indian state of India.
- It is the third largest state by population
- Patna is the largest city of the states of Bihar, 19th most populous city and 5th speediest growing city in the country.
- Patna is also called as the largest riverine city in the world.
- It is a place of the several strip rivers, including sone, Gandak, and Pun-pun
- The renowned Satyagraha movement of Mahatma Gandhi named the Champaran movement against the indigo plantation and 1942 quit India movement were started from this city.
Chhattisgarh Capital is Atal Nagar (Naya Raipur)
- Chhattisgarh is the 10th largest state in India.
- It is a heavily forested state in India
- Chhattisgarh’s new capital Naya Raipur will be renamed as Atal Nagar in the memory of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
- The existence of Raipur is since the 9th century.
Goa Capital is Panaji
- Goa is an Indian state considered to be part of western as well as southern India.
- Panaji is also known as Pan Jim in English, Ponnji in Konkani and pongim in Portuguese
- After Independence, Indian Army attacked Goa including Panaji and uprooted the Portuguese controls in 1961. Thereafter, Goa was merged with India as a Union Territory
- It was declared as a state of India in 1987 along with Panaji as the capital of Goa.
Gujrat Capital is Gandhinagar
- Gujarat is a state in western India.
- It is the sixth largest state by area and ninth largest by population
- In the year 1960, the Indian state of Bombay was split into two states, Maharashtra and Gujarat. The city of Mumbai was given to Maharashtra, leaving Gujarat without a capital city
- Ahmedabad was selected to be the first capital of the newly created state
- It was later proposed that a new capital city should be constructed for the state along with the lines of the other two planned cities.
- Gandhi Nagar was named after the father of the nation, i.e. Mahatma Gandhi
- It was later proposed that a new capital city should be constructed for the state along the lines of the other two planned cities of India, Chandigarh, and Bhubaneswar
Haryana Capital is Chandigarh
- Haryana as a state came into existence on 1 November 1966 the Punjab Reorganization Act (1966)
- Do you know Chandigarh gained its name from the temple “Chandi Mandir “located in the neighborhood of the site selected for the city? The deity “Chandi”, the goddess of power and a fort of Garh lying beyond the temple gave its name to the stronghold of the goddess Chandi
- During the partition of India in the year 1947, the old British province of Punjab was divided into two parts.
The largest western part, including the Punjabi capital of Lahore, became part of Pakistan
- The eastern part was granted to Pakistan, but it was without an administrative, commercial or culture center
- The Indian government after considering several avenues chosen Chandigarh as the capital in the year 1948
Himachal Pradesh Capital is Shimla/Dharamshala
- Himachal Pradesh is a state in the northern part of India.
- Himachal Pradesh is one of the states that lie in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR), one of the richest reservoirs of biological diversity in the world.
- In the year 2017, Dharamshala was declared to be a capital of Himachal Pradesh, which means it will have two capital cities
- The interesting fact to consider is Dharamshala is also the home town of Tibetan well known spiritual leader-Dalai lama
Jammu and Kashmir Capital is Srinagar/Jammu
- J&k was the only states that have two capital cities until 2017. Every year, here is a shift of the secretariat and all other government offices from Srinagar to Jammu and vice versa
- The bi-annual shift is known as Darbar move. From May to October, all the government offices are accommodated in Srinagar which is the summer capital of the state and from November to April, the offices are accommodated in Jammu which is the winter capital of the state.
Jharkhand Capital is Ranchi
- Jharkhand is one of the affluent mineral zones in the world that boast of 40 percent and 29 percent of India’s mineral and coal reserves respectively
- Jharkhand is the only state in India that produce coking coal, uranium, and pyrite
Karnataka Capital is Bengaluru
- Bangalore is officially known as Bengaluru. It is the capital of south Indian state, Karnataka. After India’s independence in the year 1947, Bengaluru became the capital of Mysore state and remained its capital until the new Indian states of Karnataka was found in 1956
- Bengaluru is also known as the silicon valley of India because of its eminence in the nation leading information technology exporter
- Indian technological organizations, such as ISRO, Infosys and Wipro are headquartered in the city.
Kerala Capital is Thiruvananthapuram
- Thiruvananthapuram, which is formerly known as Trivandrum, is the capital state of Kerala
- The clean city is built on seven hills, called as, Thiruvananthapuram, mean the town of Lord Anantha
Madhya Pradesh Capital is Bhopal
- Bhopal was founded by the king bhoja in the 11th The city was named as ‘bho-pal’ and later came to be known as Bhopal
- Bhopal is also known as a city of lakes for its various artificial and natural lakes
- Bhopal lake, known as the upper lake is the oldest manmade lake in India
Maharashtra Capital is Mumbai
- Mumbai was formerly recognized as Bombay till 1995.
- Mumbai is the financial, commercial and entertainment capital of India
- Mumbai is on the top among the top ten centers of commerce in terms of global financial flow generating 6.16 percent of India’s GDP.
Manipur Capital is Imphal
- The Ima keithal market is probably the worlds only women-run marketplace. In Manipuri, ima means mother and keithal means market, so it’s known as “mother market”
- Only married women are allowed to do the trade and run the stalls in this multi-ethnic 500 years old marketplace, a privilege that is passed from one year to another of Manipuri women to the another
Meghalaya Capital is Shillong
- Shillong is the capital of Meghalaya. It is the only hill station that is accessible from all the sides. In 1874, it became the capital of composite Assam under the British rule
- After the formation of Meghalaya as an independent state, Shillong became its capital
Mizoram Capital is Aizawl
Aizawl is the political and cultural center of the Mizoram. It is here that the state legislature is situated
It is also the commercial hub of the state and all commercial and economic activities are undertaken
Nagaland Capital is Kohima
- Kohima is known as the land of the Angami Naga tribe
- The name was officially granted by the British as they could not pronounce the Angami
- Earlier, Kohima was also called thigoma.
Odisha Capital is Bhubaneswar
- In the year 1948, Bhubaneswar replaced Cuttack as the capital of Odisha
- It is also known as the temple city of India
Punjab Capital is Chandigarh
- Chandigarh as a Union Territory was constituted on November 1, 1966, when the Indian Punjab was reorganized along linguistic lines into two new states- Haryana and Punjab
- Straddled between Haryana and Punjab, the city of Chandigarh was made the shared capital of the two states and of the Union Territory itself.
Rajasthan Capital is Jaipur
- Jaipur is popularly known as the pink city
- It was built during the 18th century by Raja Sawai Jai Singh II and was the first planned city of India
Sikkim Capital is Gangtok
- With the presence of several monasteries, centers for Tibet ology and religious educational institutions, Gangtok is a famous center of Tibetan Buddhist culture.
- The name Gangtok is gained from Tibetan word, that means hilltop or top of the world
Tamil Nadu Capital is Chennai
- Its capital Chennai is the largest city
- It is the eleventh largest state by area
- It is the second largest state economy in India
- Chennai Corporation initially called as Madras Municipal Corporation is the oldest Municipal Corporation in India established in 1688.
Chennai, formerly known as Madras Patnam, is 380 years old. From a stretch of no man’s land in 1639, it has grown to become a major industrial, business and cultural center
Telangana Capital is Hyderabad
- Do you know, Telangana was constituted as a 29th state of India on June 2, 2014
- Hyderabad was the joint capital Telangana and Andhra Pradesh
- Now, Hyderabad is only the capital of Telangana
Tripura Capital is Agartala
- Agartala is a component of two words agar and tala agar means kinds of oily valuable perfume tree and tala, a storehouse.
- The literacy percentage in Agartala, according to the 2011 census, was 93.88, higher than the literacy rate
Uttar Pradesh Capital is Lucknow
- The Literacy rate of UP is 69.7%
- Lucknow is popularly called as a city of “Nawaab”
- It is also known as the Golden City of the East, Shiraz-i-Hind and the Constantinople of India
- Lucknow was the epicenter of the 1857 War of Independence.
- UPis the largest producer of food grains and oilseed in the country
Uttarakhand Capital is Dehradun
- Uttarakhand has a multiethnic population spread across two geocultural regions: the Garhwal, and the Kumaon.
- Indo Aryan language is the official languages of Uttarakhand and spoken by the majority of the population
- Hindu, Muslim, Sikhs, Christian, Buddhist, and Jains covers the four-fifths population of Uttarakhand’s resident.
- Dehradun is also known as the abode of Drona
- The Central Braille Press in Dehradun is the largest producer of Braille textbooks in India.
West Bengal Capital is Kolkata
|Burdwan division||Jalpaiguri division||Presidency division|
- Durga Pooja is the main festival which is celebrated in the West Bengal
- In the year 2001, the city name was officially changed from the Calcutta to Kolkata.
- Kolkata is the only state that has hand-pulled rickshaw in India
Now, we will unveil information about union territories and their capitals
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Capital is Port Blair
- The largest sea turtles in the world, Dermochelys Coriacea, nest in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands
- The interesting thing is The scenery on our red colored 20 rupee note depicts a natural scene on the Andaman and Nicobar islands
- The only active volcano in India is a volcano
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Capital is Silvassa
- Dadra and Nagar Haveli lies near the west coast and consists of two separate parts.
- It was a Portuguese colony till 1779 and became a part of independent India in 1954
Daman and Diu Capital is Daman
Goa, Daman, and Diu were incorporated into the Republic of India on December 19, 1961, by military conquest
The territory of Goa Daman and Diu was administered as a single union territory 1987
Lakshadweep Capital is Kavaratti
- It is the smallest union territory of India
- The Area Rank of the Lakshadweep is 7th (last among all Union Territories).
- The total Population of Lakshadweep is 65,473 & Population Rank is also 7th (last among all Union Territories)
- Main spoken languages of Lakshadweep are Malayalam, Jeseri (dweep bhasha) and Mahl (Dhivehi)
Delhi (National Capital Territory) – Delhi
- Delhi is the second largest populated city after Tokyo
- Delhi’s Khari Baoli market is Asia’s largest wholesale spice market.
Puducherry (Pondicherry) – Pondicherry
- Earlier, the name of this territory was Pondicherry. It was replaced with Puducherry in the year 2006, September 20.
- Puducherry is known as the white town
- Puducherry celebrates its independence day on August 16, while the rest of the nation celebrates on 15th August
- The former capital of Puducherry was Madras.
- It is also known as ‘the French Riviera of the East’.
- The French infrastructures and French colonies are a major attraction here.
- The ancient structures, monuments, beaches, gardens, and museums are the places of interest for the people visiting Puducherry.
That’s all about the significant information regarding the List of India state with capital and territories.
I hope the above given detailed study of India state and territory is of significant help.
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